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Default Download Location for Windows 8 Software Center

Posted by mundeep on August 12, 2013

Curious about where Windows 8 Software Center (part of Microsoft System Center 2012) caches it’s downloads?
I wanted to know where the downloads where cached so i wouldn’t have to re-download them if required to re-run later down the track.

Run the following Powershell command to find out:

$Cache = gwmi -class CacheConfig -Namespace root\ccm\SoftMgmtAgent

In my case it was: C:\Windows\ccmcache which i imagine may be a default.

Thanks to David O’Briens How to configure the ConfigMgr Client cache article for helping me find this. The article also details how you can change it and some warnings if you do.

Posted in Powershell | Leave a Comment »

Calling powershell functions with multiple parameters

Posted by mundeep on March 1, 2012

When calling a powershell function with multiple parameters, ensure the parameters are passed in space separated and not comma-separated as the later causes all the values to be passed in as an array to the first parameter!

See Stackoverflow: Powershell Multiple Function Parameters for an example.

Posted in Powershell | Tagged: | 2 Comments »

Powershell Script to Import Sharepoint Organization Profiles from Active Directory

Posted by mundeep on November 8, 2010

Here is one of my first Powershell scripts (so improvement suggestions welcome 🙂

The requirement was to script the creation of SharePoint Organization Profiles from Active Directory Organizational Units, including building the hierarchy and setting the Profile Subtype appropriately. Creation of the Organizational Profiles was based on the C# code in the How to: Create User Profiles and Organization Profiles MSDN article.

Before running this note that i had a predefined list of profile subtypes that corresponded to the level of the organizational unit in the hierarchy. The top level was Root, next level was Group, then Division, Branch & finally Section. The following is an example of the organizational structure in terms of Profile Subtypes.

  • Department (Root Level)
    • Group #1
      • Division #1
        • Branch #1
          • Section #1
      • Division #2
        • Branch #2
          • Section #2
          • Section #3
          • Section #4
        • Branch #3
          • Section #5
          • Section #6
      • Division #4
        • Branch #7
    • Group #2
      • Division #5
        • Branch #8
          • Section #9
      • Division #6
        • Branch #9
          • Section #10
          • Section #11
          • Section #12
      • Division #6
        • Branch #9
#Create All Organisation Profiles from AD OU's
#Load Sharepoint Snapin
Add-PSSnapin Microsoft.SharePoint.PowerShell
#Declare Some Globals for Profile Management
$context = Get-SPServiceContext -Site http://{sharepointwebappurl}/
$psm = [Microsoft.Office.Server.UserProfiles.ProfileSubtypeManager]::Get($context);
$opm = New-Object Microsoft.Office.Server.UserProfiles.OrganizationProfileManager($context)
$rootOrg = $opm.RootOrganization

#Find All Children OU's Based on Parent OU's Distinguished Name (DN)
function Find-Child-OUs
Param ([string]$sParentDN)
	$ldapPath = "LDAP://" + $sParentDN
	$query = new-object system.directoryservices.directorysearcher([ADSI]$ldapPath)
	#Only Search for OUs
	$query.filter = "(objectClass=organizationalUnit)"
	#Only Search One Level Deep (ie. Children)
	$query.SearchScope = "OneLevel"
	$results = $query.findAll()
	Write-Host $sParentDN " has " $results.Count " children"
	return $results

#Create an Organization Profile under parentOrg for provided OU
function Create-Organization {
Param ($ou, $parentOrg, $levelTitle)
	Write-Host "Creating:" $ou.description "under" $parentOrg.DisplayName "of type" $levelTitle
	$subType = $psm.GetProfileSubtype($levelTitle);
	$orgProfile = $opm.CreateOrganizationProfile($subType, $parentOrg)
	$orgProfile.DisplayName = $ou.description
	return $orgProfile

#Determine Subtype Based on Level
function Get-Level-ProfileSubtype {
Param ($level)
	$subtypeTitle = $level
	switch ($level) {
		0 { $subtypeTitle = "Root"; break }
		1 { $subtypeTitle = "Group"; break }
		2 { $subtypeTitle = "Division"; break }
		3 { $subtypeTitle = "Branch"; break }
		4 { $subtypeTitle = "Section"; break }
		default { $subtypeTitle = "Other" }
	return $subtypeTitle

#Create Organization Profiles for All OU's underneath the provided OU and Organization Profile
function Create-Child-Orgnizations
Param ([string]$currentOuDn, $parentOrg, $level)
	#Create the Organization
	Write-Host "Searching for Children for: " $currentOuDn
	$children = Find-Child-OUs $currentOuDn
	if ($children -ne $null) {
		Write-Host -ForegroundColor red $children.Count "OU's found under:" $currentOuDn
		Foreach($childOu in $children)
			$ou = $childOu.GetDirectoryEntry()
			$ouDn = $ou.distinguishedname
			$levelTitle = Get-Level-ProfileSubtype($level)

			#Create the Child Organization
			$newOrg = Create-Organization $ou $parentOrg $levelTitle
			Write-Host -ForegroundColor green "OU Created: " $newOrg.DisplayName " = " $newOrg.ProfileSubtype.Name
			$nextLevel = $level + 1
			Create-Child-Orgnizations $ouDn $newOrg $nextLevel

#Create All Organization Profiles Starting from Provided OU DN
function Create-All-Organizations {
Param ([string]$rootOuDn)
	Create-Child-Orgnizations $rootOuDn $rootOrg 1

Once you have loaded all the globals and declared all the functions above the following two lines (can be done in one) will begin the profile creation.

#Run Creation From Root Orgnization Unit, Make sure the following matches the LDAP query to the Root OU in your AD structure.
$rootOu = "OU=Department,DC=depttest,DC=gov,DC=au"
Create-All-Organizations $rootOu

To help with testing & re-running code i also created a couple of functions to (a) List all Organizational Profiles under a parent and (b) Delete all Organization Profiles under a parent.

#Retrieve existing Org Profiles
function List-OrgProfiles {
	if ($parentOrg.HasChildren) {
		foreach ($childOrg in $parentOrg.GetChildren()) {
			Write-Host $parentOrg.DisplayName "-" $childOrg.DisplayName
			List-OrgProfiles $childOrg

#Delete existing Org Profiles
function Delete-OrgProfiles {
	# If Parent Has Children Delete them first
	if ($parentOrg.HasChildren) {
		foreach ($childOrg in $parentOrg.GetChildren()) {
			#Write-Host $childOrg.DisplayName " - " $parentOrg.DisplayName
			Delete-OrgProfiles $childOrg
		#Once children are deleted remove the current org
		if ($parentOrg.RecordId -ne $opm.RootOrganization.RecordId) {
			Write-Host "Removing(" $parentOrg.DisplayName ")"
		else {
			Write-Host "KEEP (" $parentOrg.DisplayName ")"
	else {
		#If not children then delete the current org
		if ($parentOrg.RecordId -ne $opm.RootOrganization.RecordId) {
			Write-Host "RemovingChildless(" $parentOrg.DisplayName ")"
		else {
			Write-Host "Childless KEEP(" $parentOrg.DisplayName ")"

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